An ongoing research on Manila's
public transportation system
as a site of violence and trauma. 
Institute for Critical Commuting 

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"...all the vehicles continuously emitting carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and other particles and gasses."
It was already past 8 am and he was still in Cubao, Quezon City, more than 7 kilometers away from Malacañang. Instead of acknowledging that he was already late, he only said, "Okay lang 'yun (That's okay)."
A college student who wakes up at 3 AM to get to her school in Manila had earlier said that P***** did not understand how commuting works if he thought that leaving early would guarantee arriving early at one's destination.
"Kung walang krisis sa transportasyon, malapit na dapat siya sa Baguio sa ganoong katagal na biyahe. Araw-araw itong ginagawa ng mga karaniwang tao at napakaraming oras at pagod nila ang nasasayang."

(If there was no transportation crisis, he would have been near Baguio City considering the time spent on that trip. Ordinary people go through this every day and so much of their time and effort go to waste.)
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (Tagalog: Abenida Epifanio de los Santos), commonly referred to by its acronym EDSA, is a limited-access circumferential highway around Manila, the capital of the Philippines. It is the main thoroughfare in Metro Manila passing through 6 of the capital region's 17 local government units, namely, from north to south, Caloocan, Quezon City, San Juan, Mandaluyong, Makati and Pasay.

Named after academic Epifanio de los Santos, the road links the North Luzon Expressway at the Balintawak Interchange in the north to the South Luzon Expressway at the Magallanes Interchange in the south, as well as the major financial districts of Makati Central Business District, Ortigas Center and Araneta Center. It is the longest and the most congested highway in the metropolis, stretching some 23.8 kilometers (14.8 mi).

Traffic Update
.....the country loses ₱3.5 billion daily due to traffic congestion. This could reach up to ₱5.4 billion by 2035 if it will remain unsolved.
The appraisal initiative has set the cost of the project to P16.98 billion, and will cover the railway line’s trains, power-supply system, overhead catenary system, radio system, closed-circuit television system, public address system, signaling system, rail tracks, road-rail vehicles, depot equipment, elevators and escalators, and other station building equipment.
SOOT SCALE A 2015 study by Dr. Gerry Bagtasa of the UP Institute of Environmental Science and Meteorology shows varying levels of soot in the air along Edsa. According to a color scale he devised, green and blue indicate ‘’acceptable’’ levels, yellow is ‘’bad’’ and red ‘’dangerous’’. The levels of soot are notably high on weekdays at Muñoz, Cubao, Shaw underpass and Ayala underpass. —IMAGE COURTESY OF DR. GERRY BAGTASA
Kite as extension of immobilized body.
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